The Mozart effect...



  1. http://www.skepdic.com/mozart.html (english)
    http://spanish.skepdic.com/ * (spanish)
    http://www.sceptiques.qc.ca/dictionnaire/mozart.html (french) 

    The Mozart effect
    ...is a term coined by Alfred A. Tomatis for the alleged increase in brain development that occurs in children under age 3 when they listen to the music of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
    The idea for the Mozart effect originated in 1993 at the University of California, Irvine, with physicist Gordon Shaw and Frances Rauscher, a former concert cellist and an expert on cognitive development. They studied the effects on a few dozen college students of listening to the first 10 minutes of the Mozart Sonata for Two Pianos in D Major (K.448). They found a temporary enhancement of spatial-temporal reasoning, as measured by the Stanford-Binet IQ test. There were many attempts to replicate their results but most were unsuccessful (Willingham 2006). One researcher commented that the "very best thing that could be said of their [Shaw's and Rauscher's] experiment—were it completely uncontested—would be that listening to bad Mozart enhances short–term IQ" (Linton). Rauscher has moved on to study the effects of Mozart on rats. Both Shaw and Rauscher have speculated that exposure to Mozart enhances spatial-reasoning and memory in humans.
    In 1997, Rauscher and Shaw announced that they had scientific proof that piano and singing instruction are superior to computer instruction in enhancing children's abstract reasoning skills.

    Mozart effect - The Skeptic's Dictionary - Skepdic.com

    13 Aug 2011 ... The Mozart effect is a term coined by Alfred A. Tomatis for the alleged increase in
    ... to the first 10 minutes of the Mozart Sonata for Two Pianos in D Major (K.448).
    .... Soon the myth is believed by millions as a scientific fact.

    http://www.skepdic.com/mozart.html
  2. What's the Mozart Effect? - Curiosity

    Learn more about the Mozart Effect from Curiosity.com. ... Here are the facts...
    where students about to take an IQ test listened to 10 minutes of Mozart first.

    http://curiosity.discovery.com/question/what-is-the-mozart-effect
  3. The Mozart Effect

    Why did everyone like the idea of the Mozart Effect... She provided anecdotal
    information that implied the benefits of the Mozart Effect in babies ... 10 Nov. 2006
    . Keyword: Mozart Effect. Beynon, Carol. "The Mozart Effect: Music for Children.

    http://www.homepages.dsu.edu/moosen/The Mozart Effect.ppt
  4. Mozart Effect

    The Mozart Effect: Myth or Fact ... The researchers later discovered, however, that
    the Mozart Effect in these students lasted no longer than 10 to 15 minutes after ...

    http://healthpsych.psy.vanderbilt.edu/2009/Mozart.ht 
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